An exploratory investigation of changes in gait parameters with age in elderly Japanese women

Irma Nur Afiah, Hiroki Nakashima, Ping Yeap Loh, Satoshi Muraki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study was to identify gait parameters in elderly Japanese women. 30 elderly women (65–74.9 years old) and 19 very elderly women (≥75 years old) participated in this study. A 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system was used to collect kinematic data, and a total of 70 gait parameters were analysed. Gait parameters included basic gait parameters, gait cycle parameters, and joints angle parameters, as well as angular velocity parameters, such as peak velocity and timing at the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Results: Our results indicated that basic gait parameters, such as the gait cycle, peak joint angle timing, and angular velocity parameters, significantly differ between elderly and very elderly women. Delayed peak joint angle timing and angular velocity parameters occurred during critical phases throughout the gait cycle: pre-swing, initial swing, and terminal swing phases. Conclusions: Several gait parameters exhibited significant differences between elderly and very elderly women. The timing of the peak joint angle and angular velocity parameters are primary characteristics defining gait changes in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1069
JournalSpringerPlus
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Gait
Joints
Ankle Joint
Hip Joint
Knee Joint
Biomechanical Phenomena

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

An exploratory investigation of changes in gait parameters with age in elderly Japanese women. / Afiah, Irma Nur; Nakashima, Hiroki; Loh, Ping Yeap; Muraki, Satoshi.

In: SpringerPlus, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1069, 01.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ba61b69dbb864b47b33f6c3903077c83,
title = "An exploratory investigation of changes in gait parameters with age in elderly Japanese women",
abstract = "Background: The aim of the present study was to identify gait parameters in elderly Japanese women. 30 elderly women (65–74.9 years old) and 19 very elderly women (≥75 years old) participated in this study. A 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system was used to collect kinematic data, and a total of 70 gait parameters were analysed. Gait parameters included basic gait parameters, gait cycle parameters, and joints angle parameters, as well as angular velocity parameters, such as peak velocity and timing at the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Results: Our results indicated that basic gait parameters, such as the gait cycle, peak joint angle timing, and angular velocity parameters, significantly differ between elderly and very elderly women. Delayed peak joint angle timing and angular velocity parameters occurred during critical phases throughout the gait cycle: pre-swing, initial swing, and terminal swing phases. Conclusions: Several gait parameters exhibited significant differences between elderly and very elderly women. The timing of the peak joint angle and angular velocity parameters are primary characteristics defining gait changes in the elderly.",
author = "Afiah, {Irma Nur} and Hiroki Nakashima and Loh, {Ping Yeap} and Satoshi Muraki",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1186/s40064-016-2739-7",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "SpringerPlus",
issn = "2193-1801",
publisher = "Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An exploratory investigation of changes in gait parameters with age in elderly Japanese women

AU - Afiah, Irma Nur

AU - Nakashima, Hiroki

AU - Loh, Ping Yeap

AU - Muraki, Satoshi

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Background: The aim of the present study was to identify gait parameters in elderly Japanese women. 30 elderly women (65–74.9 years old) and 19 very elderly women (≥75 years old) participated in this study. A 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system was used to collect kinematic data, and a total of 70 gait parameters were analysed. Gait parameters included basic gait parameters, gait cycle parameters, and joints angle parameters, as well as angular velocity parameters, such as peak velocity and timing at the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Results: Our results indicated that basic gait parameters, such as the gait cycle, peak joint angle timing, and angular velocity parameters, significantly differ between elderly and very elderly women. Delayed peak joint angle timing and angular velocity parameters occurred during critical phases throughout the gait cycle: pre-swing, initial swing, and terminal swing phases. Conclusions: Several gait parameters exhibited significant differences between elderly and very elderly women. The timing of the peak joint angle and angular velocity parameters are primary characteristics defining gait changes in the elderly.

AB - Background: The aim of the present study was to identify gait parameters in elderly Japanese women. 30 elderly women (65–74.9 years old) and 19 very elderly women (≥75 years old) participated in this study. A 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system was used to collect kinematic data, and a total of 70 gait parameters were analysed. Gait parameters included basic gait parameters, gait cycle parameters, and joints angle parameters, as well as angular velocity parameters, such as peak velocity and timing at the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Results: Our results indicated that basic gait parameters, such as the gait cycle, peak joint angle timing, and angular velocity parameters, significantly differ between elderly and very elderly women. Delayed peak joint angle timing and angular velocity parameters occurred during critical phases throughout the gait cycle: pre-swing, initial swing, and terminal swing phases. Conclusions: Several gait parameters exhibited significant differences between elderly and very elderly women. The timing of the peak joint angle and angular velocity parameters are primary characteristics defining gait changes in the elderly.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84978727012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84978727012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s40064-016-2739-7

DO - 10.1186/s40064-016-2739-7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84978727012

VL - 5

JO - SpringerPlus

JF - SpringerPlus

SN - 2193-1801

IS - 1

M1 - 1069

ER -