This is the first report of the direct measurement of α-β transformation kinetics in Mg2SiO4, a major constituent in the Earth's mantle, through in situ X ray diffraction experiments at high pressure. The experiments were conducted using the sintered diamond cubic-anvil apparatus with synchrotron radiation (MAX 80). Although the present work is still preliminary, the kinetic data were analyzed using a nucleation and growth model. The growth rate of β-phase is determined to be 3.3 (1.6∼4.9) × 10-10 m/s at 13.0 GPa and 900°C, 7.1 (3.4∼10) × 10-10 m/s at 14.1 GPa and 885°C, and 1.5 (0.7∼2.3) × 10-9 m/s at 14.9 GPa and 875°C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)