Objective: To describe an "integrated inpatient therapy" for type 1 diabetic patients with recurrent binge eating and to assess its effectiveness for females with bulimia nervosa (BN). Methods: At the first visit to our outpatient clinic for treatment of an eating disorder and diabetes, type 1 diabetic females with BN underwent single session "outpatient counseling." All patients then returned to the referring physician for further treatment and observation. None of the BN patients had the minimum expected 1% fall in HbA1c and all were therefore encouraged to undergo our "integrated inpatient therapy." However, only patients accepting inpatient treatment on their own volition were admitted. An " INPATIENT" group (n=9) consisted of those who underwent inpatient therapy and had a 3-year follow-up period after discharge. The clinical course was assessed by the HbA1c and BMI course and by comparison of psychological/ behavioral factors between baseline and follow-up. For reference, the clinical course of a "NON-INPATIENT" group (n=10), who did not have the inpatient therapy for at least 2 years after first visit, was also assessed. Results: The "INPATIENTs" had significantly lower HbA1c; lower psychological test scores related to eating disorder psychopathology, depressiveness, and anxiety-proneness; a reduced frequency and amount of binge eating; and fewer patients exhibited purging behaviors at follow-up than at first visit. At follow-up, seven (78%) "INPATIENTs" no longer fulfilled any criterion for clinical or subclinical eating disorders. The "NON-INPATIENTs" had no significant improvement. Conclusion: The findings give interesting insights into the possibilities of "integrated inpatient therapy" as an effective treatment for type 1 diabetic females with BN.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health