LaGaO3-based perovskite oxide doped with Sr and Mg exhibits high ionic conduction over a wide oxygen partial pressure. In this study, the stability of the LaGaO3 based oxide was investigated. It became clear that LaGaO3 based oxide is very stable for reduction and oxidation. SOFCs utilizing LaGaO3-based perovskite type oxide for electrolyte were further studied for the decreased temperature solid oxide fuel cells. The power generation characteristics of cells were strongly affected by the electrode, both anode and cathode. It became clear that Ni and LnCoO3 (Ln: rare earth) are suitable for anode and cathode, respectively. Rare earth cations in the Ln-site of Cobased perovskite cathode also have a great effect on the power generation characteristics. In particular, high power density could be attained in the temperature range from 973 to 1273 K by using doped SmCoO3 for the cathode. The electrical conductivity of SmCoO 3 increases with increasing Sr amount doped for the Sm site and attained the maximum at Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3. The cathodic overpotential and the internal cell resistance exhibit almost opposite dependence on the amount of doped Sr. Consequently, the power density of the cell reaches a maximum when Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3 is used for cathode. On this cell, the maximum power density is as high as 0.58 W/cm2 at 1073 K, although a 0.5 mm thick electrolyte is used. Therefore, this study reveals that the LaGaO3 based oxide for electrolyte and the SmCoO3 based oxide for cathode are promising for solid oxide fuel cells at intermediate temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)