An overview of developments in adsorption refrigeration systems towards a sustainable way of cooling

Biplab Choudhury, Bidyut Baran Saha, Pradip K. Chatterjee, Jyoti Prakas Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

169 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Growing energy demand and global climate change are compelling reasons to look for effective utilisation of waste thermal energy and renewable energy resources. Fifteen percent of the electricity produced in the whole world is employed for refrigeration and air-conditioning processes of various kinds. Low-temperature heat operated environment-friendly adsorption cooling systems are emerging as viable alternatives to electricity-driven vapour compression refrigeration systems. Comparatively bigger sizes of adsorption based cooling units, due to their low specific cooling power, are preventing successful commercialization of the technology. Efforts are on to enhance the performance of adsorption systems through improvements in adsorbents properties, use of advanced cycles, etc. Recent application of nano-technology in the development of adsorbent material may be a big step forward towards making this technology competitive with available technologies in the market. This paper traces the evolution of the technology and analyses the obstacles to wide spread use of adsorption chillers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-567
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Energy
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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