Wheat and soybean were grown in an upland field converted from a paddy of gray lowland soil in Ibaraki, Japan in 1994-1995.Wheat and rice were also grown in multipurpose paddy fields of peat soil in 1995-1996.Non-tilled and tilled plots were prepared and wheat was sown in autumn.Soil monoliths, 30 cm in width, 5 cm in thickness and 30 cm in depth, were sampled during the late growth stages of the crops.The soil monoliths were divided into 5 cm cubes.Roots were washed and cleaned with water, and lengths measured with a root length scanner.Root length density of 0-5 cm in the depth layer was large in non-tilled fields of soybean and rice.Wheat in the non-tilled field had a smaller root length than that in the tilled field.Root length density of 5-15 cm in the depth layer was relatively small in the non-tilled wheat field.The root depth index(RDI), which showed mean root depth in a root system, was calculated from these data.The RDI of soybean and rice was small for the non-tilled field and large for the tilled field.However, the RDI of wheat was almost the same in both non-tilled and tilled fields.It may be caused by small amount of precipitation in winter.
|Translated title of the contribution||Analyses of the Vertical Distribution of Roots in Wheat, Soybean and Rice in Tilled and Non-tilled Multipurpose Paddy Fields.|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Crop Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|