汎用水田においては耕起および不耕起栽培したコムギ,ダイズおよび水稲の根の垂直分布の解析

Translated title of the contribution: Analyses of the Vertical Distribution of Roots in Wheat, Soybean and Rice in Tilled and Non-tilled Multipurpose Paddy Fields.

小柳 敦史, 南石 晃明, 土田 志郎, 長野間 宏

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Wheat and soybean were grown in an upland field converted from a paddy of gray lowland soil in Ibaraki, Japan in 1994-1995.Wheat and rice were also grown in multipurpose paddy fields of peat soil in 1995-1996.Non-tilled and tilled plots were prepared and wheat was sown in autumn.Soil monoliths, 30 cm in width, 5 cm in thickness and 30 cm in depth, were sampled during the late growth stages of the crops.The soil monoliths were divided into 5 cm cubes.Roots were washed and cleaned with water, and lengths measured with a root length scanner.Root length density of 0-5 cm in the depth layer was large in non-tilled fields of soybean and rice.Wheat in the non-tilled field had a smaller root length than that in the tilled field.Root length density of 5-15 cm in the depth layer was relatively small in the non-tilled wheat field.The root depth index(RDI), which showed mean root depth in a root system, was calculated from these data.The RDI of soybean and rice was small for the non-tilled field and large for the tilled field.However, the RDI of wheat was almost the same in both non-tilled and tilled fields.It may be caused by small amount of precipitation in winter.
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Crop Science
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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