In this study, we analyzed adsorption and binding behaviors of citrate-capped silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on a pyridyl-terminated surface using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Adsorption of the AgNPs onto the pyridyl-terminated silicon wafer surface was completed through pH-controlled sol immersion. The adsorption occurred predominantly at a pH less than the pKb value of the pyridyl group and more than the pKa1 of citric acid, indicating that the driving force behind adsorption was electrostatic interaction. Adsorption of citrate onto the pyridyl group also occurred at pKa1 < pH < pK b without AgNPs. According to XPS in the N1s region, larger deprotonation from the pyridinium-formed pyridyl groups was demonstrated subsequent to adsorption of the AgNPs. The deprotonation from the pyridinium indicates the formation of the neutral pyridyl group as the counterpart of hydrogen bonding with the carboxyl group of citrate. The binding state between the pyridyl group and citrate surrounding AgNPs is expected to be kept stable through hydrogen bonding and van der Waals force derived from the AgNPs approach to the pyridyl surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces