We investigated the kinetics of posttransplant circulating progenitor cells (PTCPC) in the early phase after autologous (auto-) and allogeneic (allo-) peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). We analyzed the number of myeloid progenitor cells (CFU-GM) per 10 ml of peripheral blood (PB) on days 0 (just prior to transplantation), 1 (12-15 hours after completion of first transplantation), 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21 and 28 (after auto-PBSCT), and also additionally on day 35 after allo-PBSCT. A standard methylcellulose colony assay was used for analysing the number of CFU-GGM and BFU-E on all of the days. In addition, high proliferative potential-colony forming cells (HPP-CFC) of the harvested PBSC from donors and day 1 PB from recipients were assayed in 5 allo-PBSCT patients. Furthermore, a proportion of CD38- cells among CD34+ cells in the harvested PBSC and day 1 PB was evaluated by two-color flow cytometric analysis in 5 allo-PBSCT patients. The number of CFU-GM on day 1 ranged from 7 to 119 per 10 ml PB after auto-PBSCT, and from 15 to 61 per 10 ml PB after allo-PBSCT. After these transient increases, PTCPC diminished rapidly. Then, PTCPC emerged again on day 7 after auto-PBSCT and on day 10 or 14 after allo-PBSCT along with neutrophil recovery. A proportion of HPP-CFC among myeloid colonies from day 1 PB of recipients was significantly higher than that from the harvested PBSC from donors (65.6 ± 12.7% vs. 17.4 ± 13.0%, respectively, n = 5, P = 0.0013). In addition, two-color flow cytometric analysis revealed that the proportion of CD34+CD38- cells was significantly higher in day 1 PB of recipients than in the harvested PBSC from donors (57.5 ± 17.6% vs. 11.7 ± 4.9%, n = 5, P = 0.005). These observations suggest that both primitive and committed transplanted myeloid progenitor cells may circulate in the very early period following PBSCT.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International journal of hematology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes