Analysis of electric generation distribution on a PEFC electrode (4th report, electric generation distribution on a PEFC with hot press MEGA)

Toshiaki Konomi, Tatsumi Kitahara, Hironori Nakajima, Yuya Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), we have analyzed the effects of hot press of a gas diffusion layer (GDL) and a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) on each electric generation ratio under 2 mm width rib and flow channel in the cases of paper and cloth type GDLs. MEAs having partial electrode (catalyst layer) only under the rib and that only under the channel are prepared and assembled with GDLs by hot press. In the case of paper type GDL, the hot press is found to improve the cell performance by decreasing the contact resistance under the channel in spite of decrease in current under the rib due to decrease in oxygen transport in supplied air. On the other hand, in the case of cloth type GDL, the hot press does not decrease large contact resistance under the channel. This is likely to be due to the unsticking of the GDL from the MEA under the channel by the pressure of the product water transported from electrode under the rib. Such unsticking possibly comes from the low stiffness of the cloth type GDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume75
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Diffusion in gases
gaseous diffusion
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Electrolytes
electrolytes
Electrodes
electrodes
polymers
Polymers
Contact resistance
contact resistance
Membranes
assembly
membranes
Channel flow
channel flow
Stiffness
stiffness
Catalysts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{25c18a493e4841c69b234134b6671c6b,
title = "Analysis of electric generation distribution on a PEFC electrode (4th report, electric generation distribution on a PEFC with hot press MEGA)",
abstract = "In a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), we have analyzed the effects of hot press of a gas diffusion layer (GDL) and a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) on each electric generation ratio under 2 mm width rib and flow channel in the cases of paper and cloth type GDLs. MEAs having partial electrode (catalyst layer) only under the rib and that only under the channel are prepared and assembled with GDLs by hot press. In the case of paper type GDL, the hot press is found to improve the cell performance by decreasing the contact resistance under the channel in spite of decrease in current under the rib due to decrease in oxygen transport in supplied air. On the other hand, in the case of cloth type GDL, the hot press does not decrease large contact resistance under the channel. This is likely to be due to the unsticking of the GDL from the MEA under the channel by the pressure of the product water transported from electrode under the rib. Such unsticking possibly comes from the low stiffness of the cloth type GDL.",
author = "Toshiaki Konomi and Tatsumi Kitahara and Hironori Nakajima and Yuya Tanaka",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "170--175",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of electric generation distribution on a PEFC electrode (4th report, electric generation distribution on a PEFC with hot press MEGA)

AU - Konomi, Toshiaki

AU - Kitahara, Tatsumi

AU - Nakajima, Hironori

AU - Tanaka, Yuya

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - In a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), we have analyzed the effects of hot press of a gas diffusion layer (GDL) and a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) on each electric generation ratio under 2 mm width rib and flow channel in the cases of paper and cloth type GDLs. MEAs having partial electrode (catalyst layer) only under the rib and that only under the channel are prepared and assembled with GDLs by hot press. In the case of paper type GDL, the hot press is found to improve the cell performance by decreasing the contact resistance under the channel in spite of decrease in current under the rib due to decrease in oxygen transport in supplied air. On the other hand, in the case of cloth type GDL, the hot press does not decrease large contact resistance under the channel. This is likely to be due to the unsticking of the GDL from the MEA under the channel by the pressure of the product water transported from electrode under the rib. Such unsticking possibly comes from the low stiffness of the cloth type GDL.

AB - In a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), we have analyzed the effects of hot press of a gas diffusion layer (GDL) and a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) on each electric generation ratio under 2 mm width rib and flow channel in the cases of paper and cloth type GDLs. MEAs having partial electrode (catalyst layer) only under the rib and that only under the channel are prepared and assembled with GDLs by hot press. In the case of paper type GDL, the hot press is found to improve the cell performance by decreasing the contact resistance under the channel in spite of decrease in current under the rib due to decrease in oxygen transport in supplied air. On the other hand, in the case of cloth type GDL, the hot press does not decrease large contact resistance under the channel. This is likely to be due to the unsticking of the GDL from the MEA under the channel by the pressure of the product water transported from electrode under the rib. Such unsticking possibly comes from the low stiffness of the cloth type GDL.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=63849250652&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=63849250652&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:63849250652

VL - 75

SP - 170

EP - 175

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 1

ER -