Analysis of recognition elements for mitochondrial processing peptidase using artificial amino acids: Roles of the intervening portion and proximal arginine

Kaori Moriwaki, Tadashi Ogishima, Akio Ito

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Abstract

We recently demonstrated, using synthetic peptides modeled on the extension peptide of malate dehydrogenase, that amino acid residues present at the proximal and distal positions relative to the cleavage site are critical determinants for the recognition of substrates by mitochondrial processing peptidase [Niidome et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 24719-24722). While the proximal arginine is unexceptionally located at the -2 position, the position of the distal residue varies among mitochondrial precursor proteins. Between the proximal and distal residues, proline and/or glycine are present in most mitochondrial precursor proteins, and they are considered to play a role in the specific recognition of a substrate by the peptidase. To elucidate the role of the intervening portion, we introduced a non-natural amino acid [2-(2-aminoethoxy)acetic acid] between the distal and proximal residues. We also analyzed the functional elements in the proximal arginine by replacing the residue with various arginine or lysine analogs. The results of kinetic studies indicated that the intervening portion should be flexible for efficient processing, and that the guanidino group of the proximal arginine is recognized by the peptidase through hydrogen and ionic bonds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-878
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

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Arginine
Amino Acids
Protein Precursors
Mitochondrial Proteins
Peptide Hydrolases
Malate Dehydrogenase
Peptides
Substrates
Proline
Glycine
Lysine
Hydrogen
Kinetics
mitochondrial processing peptidase
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Analysis of recognition elements for mitochondrial processing peptidase using artificial amino acids: Roles of the intervening portion and proximal arginine",
abstract = "We recently demonstrated, using synthetic peptides modeled on the extension peptide of malate dehydrogenase, that amino acid residues present at the proximal and distal positions relative to the cleavage site are critical determinants for the recognition of substrates by mitochondrial processing peptidase [Niidome et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 24719-24722). While the proximal arginine is unexceptionally located at the -2 position, the position of the distal residue varies among mitochondrial precursor proteins. Between the proximal and distal residues, proline and/or glycine are present in most mitochondrial precursor proteins, and they are considered to play a role in the specific recognition of a substrate by the peptidase. To elucidate the role of the intervening portion, we introduced a non-natural amino acid [2-(2-aminoethoxy)acetic acid] between the distal and proximal residues. We also analyzed the functional elements in the proximal arginine by replacing the residue with various arginine or lysine analogs. The results of kinetic studies indicated that the intervening portion should be flexible for efficient processing, and that the guanidino group of the proximal arginine is recognized by the peptidase through hydrogen and ionic bonds.",
author = "Kaori Moriwaki and Tadashi Ogishima and Akio Ito",
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T1 - Analysis of recognition elements for mitochondrial processing peptidase using artificial amino acids

T2 - Roles of the intervening portion and proximal arginine

AU - Moriwaki, Kaori

AU - Ogishima, Tadashi

AU - Ito, Akio

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - We recently demonstrated, using synthetic peptides modeled on the extension peptide of malate dehydrogenase, that amino acid residues present at the proximal and distal positions relative to the cleavage site are critical determinants for the recognition of substrates by mitochondrial processing peptidase [Niidome et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 24719-24722). While the proximal arginine is unexceptionally located at the -2 position, the position of the distal residue varies among mitochondrial precursor proteins. Between the proximal and distal residues, proline and/or glycine are present in most mitochondrial precursor proteins, and they are considered to play a role in the specific recognition of a substrate by the peptidase. To elucidate the role of the intervening portion, we introduced a non-natural amino acid [2-(2-aminoethoxy)acetic acid] between the distal and proximal residues. We also analyzed the functional elements in the proximal arginine by replacing the residue with various arginine or lysine analogs. The results of kinetic studies indicated that the intervening portion should be flexible for efficient processing, and that the guanidino group of the proximal arginine is recognized by the peptidase through hydrogen and ionic bonds.

AB - We recently demonstrated, using synthetic peptides modeled on the extension peptide of malate dehydrogenase, that amino acid residues present at the proximal and distal positions relative to the cleavage site are critical determinants for the recognition of substrates by mitochondrial processing peptidase [Niidome et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 24719-24722). While the proximal arginine is unexceptionally located at the -2 position, the position of the distal residue varies among mitochondrial precursor proteins. Between the proximal and distal residues, proline and/or glycine are present in most mitochondrial precursor proteins, and they are considered to play a role in the specific recognition of a substrate by the peptidase. To elucidate the role of the intervening portion, we introduced a non-natural amino acid [2-(2-aminoethoxy)acetic acid] between the distal and proximal residues. We also analyzed the functional elements in the proximal arginine by replacing the residue with various arginine or lysine analogs. The results of kinetic studies indicated that the intervening portion should be flexible for efficient processing, and that the guanidino group of the proximal arginine is recognized by the peptidase through hydrogen and ionic bonds.

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