In general, aluminum alloy does not exhibit distinct fatigue limit (knee point) in the S-N diagram. The growth of a small fatigue crack of precipitation-hardened Al-Mg-Si system alloy (6061-T6) was investigated to clarify the mechanism of non-appearance of distinct fatigue limit (knee point) in the S-N diagram. The small crack was analysed in detail by replica method, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Electron Back Scatter Diffraction Patterns (EBSD). On the other hand, the existence of distinct fatigue limit (knee point) of new developed aluminum alloy by adding excess Mg to the 6061 alloy was found. In this study, the resistance of small crack growth of the developed alloy was compared with standard 6061 alloy. It was revealed that the resistance of crack growth of new developed alloy was higher than that of standard 6061 alloy in short crack region (l<1.0 mm).