Analysis of the footprint traces on the first walls of the compact plasma wall interaction device (CPD) using surface analysis and electron orbit calculations

S. K. Sharma, H. Zushi, M. Osakabe, Y. Takeiri, N. Yoshida, M. Hasegava, T. Yoshinaga, Kazuaki Hanada, Hiroshi Idei, M. Sakamoto, Kazuo Nakamura, K. N. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

After the non-inductive current startup experimental campaign on the spherical tokamak compact plasma wall interaction device (CPD), various localized damage tracks or footprint traces have been observed on plasma facing components (PFCs), such as the chamber walls and the 'stiffeners' that support them. Although the magnetic field configuration is mainly open, the footprint traces are classified as (1) radially distributed traces, (2) toroidal imperfect circular traces with small gaps, (3) arc-shaped traces and (4) vertically distributed traces. The surface analysis of the samples attached near the traces has been carried out by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. They suggest thin deposition of impurity materials (C, Cu, Ti, Fe and their oxides) over the traces. These footprint traces are analysed in view of the localized plasma wall interaction and the loss of energetic electrons using orbit calculations. Radially distributed traces correspond to the loss of co- and counter-moving passing electrons mainly escaping along the magnetic field lines. The imperfect circular traces are found corresponding to lost orbits of the energetic trapped electrons largely crossing the magnetic field lines. Other traces are also discussed from a viewpoint of loss along the magnetic field lines and impurity deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025017
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 29 2010

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orbit calculation
footprints
magnetic fields
impurities
magnetic field configurations
electrons
interactions
x ray spectroscopy
counters
arcs
chambers
photoelectron spectroscopy
damage
orbits
scanning electron microscopy
oxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Analysis of the footprint traces on the first walls of the compact plasma wall interaction device (CPD) using surface analysis and electron orbit calculations. / Sharma, S. K.; Zushi, H.; Osakabe, M.; Takeiri, Y.; Yoshida, N.; Hasegava, M.; Yoshinaga, T.; Hanada, Kazuaki; Idei, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, M.; Nakamura, Kazuo; Sato, K. N.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 50, No. 2, 025017, 29.01.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharma, S. K. ; Zushi, H. ; Osakabe, M. ; Takeiri, Y. ; Yoshida, N. ; Hasegava, M. ; Yoshinaga, T. ; Hanada, Kazuaki ; Idei, Hiroshi ; Sakamoto, M. ; Nakamura, Kazuo ; Sato, K. N. / Analysis of the footprint traces on the first walls of the compact plasma wall interaction device (CPD) using surface analysis and electron orbit calculations. In: Nuclear Fusion. 2010 ; Vol. 50, No. 2.
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