Analysis of total thiols in the urine of a cystathionine β-synthase-deficient mouse model of homocystinuria using hydrophilic interaction chromatography

Chun Fang Chang, Kenji Hamase, Makoto Tsunoda

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Homocysteine and related thiols (cysteine, cysteinylglycine, and glutathione) in the urine of a cystathionine β-synthase (CBS)-deficient mouse model were quantified using hydrophilic interaction chromatography with fluorescence detection. Urine samples were incubated with tris(2-carboxyethyl) phosphine to reduce disulfide bonds into thiols. After deproteinization, thiols were fluorescently derivatized with ammonium 7-fluoro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole-4-sulfonate (SBD-F). Homocysteine, cysteine, cysteinylglycine, and glutathione in mouse urine were analyzed using an amide-type column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile/120 mM ammonium formate buffer (pH 3.0) (81:19). The developed method was well-validated. Thiol concentrations in the urine of CBS-wild type (-WT), -heterozygous (-Hetero), and -knockout (-KO) mice were quantified using the developed method. As expected, total homocysteine concentration in CBS-KO mice was significantly higher than that in CBS-WT and CBS-Hetero mice. The developed method shows promise for diagnoses in preclinical and clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1735
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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