Analytical studies on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, the risk of derailment accident caused by great earthquake is pointed out in Japan. If bullet trains derail and collide against structures at high-speed, unimaginable catastrophic accident would occur. From these circumstances, the steel derailment stopper is proposed as one of the effective measures. However, collision between a rotating wheel and steel derailment stopper become extremely complex phenomenon. Therefore, there is no design concept for the preventive device against derailment accident. This study aims at evaluating crashworthiness of the steel derailment stopper using 3-D elasto-plastic FE analysis. In FE analysis, both target train and steel derailment stopper are modeled assumed as elasto-plastic body and to evaluate precise impact responses of collision wheel and derailment stopper, dynamic contact condition is employed. As each parts of derailment stopper is connected by steel bolt and overall structure is installed on the concrete roadbed, fundamental load capability of steel stopper is investigated by impact analysis that considered fracture possibility of steel bolt and concrete roadbed. After that, influences of impact velocity and incident angle on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper are examined by numerical analyses. It is found that critical damage such as cone fracture of concrete roadbed could not be occurred. Furthermore, according to vehicular crash simulations, it is confirmed that steel derailment stopper could withstand a crash of train and alter their trajectory appropriately.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures
Pages99-111
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures - Adelaide, SA, Australia
Duration: Dec 2 2009Dec 4 2009

Other

Other8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures
CountryAustralia
CityAdelaide, SA
Period12/2/0912/4/09

Fingerprint

Derailments
Crashworthiness
Steel
Accidents
Concretes
Bolts
Wheels
Plastics
Cones
Earthquakes
Trajectories

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Sonoda, Y. (2009). Analytical studies on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures (pp. 99-111)

Analytical studies on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper. / Sonoda, Yoshimi.

Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures. 2009. p. 99-111.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sonoda, Y 2009, Analytical studies on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper. in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures. pp. 99-111, 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures, Adelaide, SA, Australia, 12/2/09.
Sonoda Y. Analytical studies on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures. 2009. p. 99-111
Sonoda, Yoshimi. / Analytical studies on the crashworthiness of steel derailment stopper. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Shock and Impact Loads on Structures. 2009. pp. 99-111
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