We describe a patient with acute myelogenous leukaemia who developed angina pectoris during pretransplant conditioning for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT): the conditioning regimen consisted of cytotoxic drugs in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Neutrophilia and hyper-coagulability were observed at the time of angina pectoris. Recurrence of angina pectoris was not seen after nitrate and aspirin therapy. Exercise stress testing performed after PBSCT suggested the presence of myocardial ischaemia. Therefore cases at risk of vascular events should be carefully managed with prophylactic treatment during G-CSF administration.
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