1. Excessive growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) can lead to critical problems in the treatment of some vascular diseases. Recent studies suggest a connection between this abnormal growth of VSMC and the octapeptide hormone angiotensin (Ang) II. However, the growth-promotive potential of AngII on VSMC is unclear. 2. Using the novel AngII inhibitor E4177 and an original animal model, we confirmed that AngII does function in abnormal growth of VSMC induced after transplantation of vein grafts in an animal model. 3. Furthermore, using a primary culture of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC), we found that AngII augmented the growth of HASMC in a serum-dependent manner and induced enlargement of the cell surface area in HASMC, both effects being nullified by E4177. The latter effect of AngII was associated with an increase in the expression level of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors. In specimens obtained from the animal model, PDGF receptors were highly expressed. 4. These data obtained in vitro and in vivo imply that AngII has the potential to promote growth of VSMC and suggest that this growth promotion may be mediated by enlargement of the cell surface area.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)