Macrophages in adipose tissue reportedly play a major role in the development of insulin resistance and chronic inflammation associated with obesity. On the other hand, several clinical trials have revealed angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) to improve insulin resistance. In this study, we analyzed the gene expression profile of 3T3-L1 adipocytes co-cultured with LPS-treated RAW264.7 macrophages in the presence or the absence of the angiotensin receptor 1 blocker valsartan, for 4, 8, 12 and 24 h. The genes of which expressions were affected by LPS-treated RAW macrophages but normalized by co-addition of valsartan were analyzed using KeyMolnet Lite. They included many NF-κB, thyroid receptor and AP-1 target transcripts. In addition, the expression patterns of caspases, integrins, matrix metallopeptidases and adipogenic genes, altered by co-culture with LPS-treated RAW cells, were generally normalized by valsartan treatment. In light of these data, it is reasonable to consider valsartan to normalize altered gene expression patterns in adipose tissue infiltrated by macrophages, and to ameliorate inflammation, apoptosis and fibrotic changes of adipose tissue. Although there may be multiple mechanisms by which ARBs ameliorate insulin resistance, for example, through effects on muscle or other tissues via the circulatory system, this is the first report demonstrating that a favorable effect of valsartan involves normalization of the interaction between adipocytes and macrophages. This mechanism of valsartan action holds promise for developing treatments for obesity-related insulin resistance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics