Anode performance of boron-doped graphites prepared from shot and sponge cokes

Tao Liu, Ruiying Luo, Seong Ho Yoon, Isao Mochida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structures and anode performances of graphitized pristine and boron-doped shot and sponge cokes have been comparatively studied by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and galvanostatic measurement. The results show that high degree of graphitization can be obtained by the substituted boron atom in the carbon lattice, and boron in the resultant boron-doped graphites mainly exist in the form of boron carbide and boron substituted in the carbon lattice. Both of boron-doped graphites from shot and sponge cokes obtain discharge capacity of 350 mAh g-1 and coulombic efficiency above 90%. Apart from commonly observed discharge plateau for graphite, boron-doped samples in this study also show a small plateau at ca. 0.06 V. This phenomenon can be explained that Li ion stores in the site to be void-like spaces that are produced by "molecular bridging" between the edge sites of graphene layer stack with a release of boron atoms substituted at the edge of graphene layer. The effect of the amount of boron dopant and graphitization temperature on the anode performance of boron-doped graphite are also investigated in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1714-1719
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2010

Fingerprint

Boron
shot
Anodes
boron
anodes
Graphite
Graphitization
graphitization
Graphene
plateaus
graphene
Carbon
graphite
Boron carbide
boron carbides
Atoms
carbon
atoms
voids
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Anode performance of boron-doped graphites prepared from shot and sponge cokes. / Liu, Tao; Luo, Ruiying; Yoon, Seong Ho; Mochida, Isao.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 195, No. 6, 15.03.2010, p. 1714-1719.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Tao ; Luo, Ruiying ; Yoon, Seong Ho ; Mochida, Isao. / Anode performance of boron-doped graphites prepared from shot and sponge cokes. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2010 ; Vol. 195, No. 6. pp. 1714-1719.
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