Five cases of anomalous origin of the right pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta were seen at our hospital. Patients 1 and 2 had an intact right pulmonary artery originating from a right posterior aspect (proximal form), and primary anastomosis of the right pulmonary artery and main pulmonary trunk was performed. Patients 3 and 4 showed a narrowing right pulmonary artery originating from near the base of the innominate artery (distal form). The stenotic right pulmonary artery was reconstructed with an 8-mm graft in patient 3, whereas patient 4 became inoperable because complete obstruction had developed in the right pulmonary artery during the 3 months that the patient was waiting to undergo operation. In patient 5, primary anastomosis was undertaken, but morphologically the anomalous origin was of the distal form, so the occurrence of stenosis in the reconstructed right pulmonary artery was a matter of concern. The morphological type was found to be related to the surgical options in this anomaly. Therefore, primary anastomosis was considered the best choice for a correction of the proximal form, whereas a graft interposition with a resection of the stenotic portion on the right pulmonary artery was deemed preferable in the distal form.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine