Anthropogenic water vapor emissions in Tokyo

Ryo Moriwaki, Manabu Kanda, Hiroshi Senoo, Aya Hagishima, Tsuyoshi Kinouchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Temporal and spatial variations in anthropogenic water vapor (AWV) emissions and anthropogenic heat (AH) in Tokyo were estimated using data from a geographic information system (GIS) and an energy-consumption database. The maximum value of AWV exceeded 500 W m-2 in summer in central Tokyo. Estimations of AWV were validated with field-measured data. The estimated and measured data agreed well, indicating that anthropogenic sources such as district cooling systems release large amounts of water vapor into the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberW11424
JournalWater Resources Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology


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