Siamycin I disrupts growth and quorum sensing in Enterococcus faecalis. Using purified intact protein, we demonstrate here that quorum membrane sensor kinase FsrC is a direct target of siamycin I, reducing pheromone-stimulated autophosphorylation activity by up to 91%. Inhibition was non-competitive with ATP as substrate. Other ATP-binding enzymes were also inhibited, including nine other membrane sensor kinases of E. faecalis, Rhodobacter sphaeroides PrrB, porcine Na+-dependent ATPase and the catalytic subunit of bovine protein kinase A, but not bacterial β-galactosidase, confirming targeted inhibition of a wide range of ATP dependent reactions, and elucidating a likely mechanism underlying the lethality of the inhibitor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology