Human monoclonal antibodies have great potential for use in the treatment of various diseases. We have established an in vitro immunization protocol for inducing antigen-specific antibody production from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In the in vitro immunization protocol, PBMCs are pretreated with L-leucyl-L-leucine methyl ester (LLME) to remove suppressive cells, and are sensitized and cultured with a soluble antigen in the presence of IL-2, IL-4 and muramyl dipeptide for 8 d, and then an antigen-specific antibody is produced. In this study, we examined the novel possibility of an in vitro immunization protocol, specifically, whether LLME-treated PBMCs can be sensitized with a peptide antigen to produce an anti-peptide antibody. The results indicate that antigen-specific immune responses were elicited by a peptide antigen derived from rice allergen, a cholera toxin B subunit, and TNF-α as a sensitizing antigen in in vitro immunization. These results suggest that the in vitro immunization protocol is applicable in the generation of an anti-peptide antibody against various antigens, including food allergens, foreign antigens, and self-antigens.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry