Anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibodies (Abs) are essential in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), but the relationship between CNS demyelinating disorders (CNSDD) and other neural Abs remains unclear. Here we screened anti-neural Abs in the sera of 70 Japanese CNSDD patients. While two had only demyelinating events among three anti. N-methyl. d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) Ab-positive subjects, the other subject who also had anti-AQP4 Abs experienced episodes of anti-NMDAR encephalitis and of NMOSD. Major lesions in the three anti-contactin-associated protein 2 Ab-positive subjects were infratentorial, including one co-carrying anti-AQP4 Abs. Thus, autoantibodies can be clinically silent, but multiple autoantibodies may participate in the pathogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology