Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP)

Kazuo Fujihara, Yasuto Itoyama, Feng Yu, Chiharu Kubo, Ikuo Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Defects in immune surveillance mechanisms may allow increased replication of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). To explore this possibility, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) against HTLV-I infected cells in HAM/TSP and in asymptomatic HTLV-I-seropositive carriers (SPC), was studied. ADCC activity was significantly depressed in HAM/TSP compared to SPC subjects (p < 0.025) and was due to specific reduction in ADCC effector activity. On the other hand, there was no difference in antibody component of anti-HTLV-I ADCC (ADCC-Ab) activities between HAM/TSP and SPC, although patients with more severe forms of disease tended to have higher anti-HTLV-I ADCC-Ab activity. In HAM/TSP, depressed ADCC activity against HTLV-I due to reduced ADCC-effector activity may allow increased replication of HTLV-I which may implicate the development of inflammatory neuropathologic lesions of HAM/TSP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume142
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity
Spinal Cord Diseases
Viruses
Human Activities
Blood Cells
Antibodies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). / Fujihara, Kazuo; Itoyama, Yasuto; Yu, Feng; Kubo, Chiharu; Goto, Ikuo.

In: Journal of the Neurological Sciences, Vol. 142, No. 1-2, 01.01.1996, p. 65-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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