Gammaretroviral and lentiviral vectors pseudotyped with vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G (VSV-G) have been used for stable gene transfer because of their broad host range and high mechanical strength. In the present study, an expression plasmid for chimeric VSV-G, consisting of a ZZ fragment derived from Staphylococcal protein A fused to the N-terminus of VSV-G (ZZ-VSV-G), was constructed to produce viral vectors capable of antibody-dependent gene transduction. Gammaretroviral (based on mouse stem cell virus, MSCV) and lentiviral (based on human immunodeficiency virus type 1, HIV-1) vectors pseudotyped with ZZ-VSV-G were produced without the loss of antibody-binding activity. The production of infectious viral particles was promoted by the addition of an expression plasmid for native VSV-G and antibody-dependent gene transduction was achieved using plates coated with antibodies. This system may be useful for the genetic transduction of cells expressing specific proteins on their surface, and for screening of antibodies specific for cell surface receptors.
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