Anticancer effects of garlic and garlic-derived compounds for breast cancer control

Airo Tsubura, Yen Chang Lai, Maki Kuwata, Norihisa Uehara, Katsuhiko Yoshizawa

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95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Garlic and garlic-derived compounds reduce the development of mammary cancer in animals and suppress the growth of human breast cancer cells in culture. Oil-soluble compounds derived from garlic, such as diallyl disulfide (DADS), are more effective than water-soluble compounds in suppressing breast cancer. Mechanisms of action include the activation of metabolizing enzymes that detoxify carcinogens, the suppression of DNA adduct formation, the inhibition of the production of reactive oxygen species, the regulation of cell-cycle arrest and the induction of apoptosis. Selenium-enriched garlic or organoselenium compounds provide more potent protection against mammary carcinogenesis in rats and greater inhibition of breast cancer cells in culture than natural garlic or the respective organosulfur analogues. DADS synergizes the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid, a breast cancer suppressor, and antagonizes the effect of linoleic acid, a breast cancer enhancer. Moreover, garlic extract reduces the side effects caused by anti-cancer agents. Thus, garlic and garlic-derived compounds are promising candidates for breast cancer control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-253
Number of pages5
JournalAnti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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