A superexchange mechanism between Eu2+ 4f spins via the 3d states of nonmagnetic Ti4+ ions is proposed through first-principles calculations based on a hybrid Hartree-Fock density functional approach to explain G-type antiferromagnetism in EuTiO3. This mechanism is supported by systematic calculations for related Eu2+-based perovskite oxides. In EuTiO3, the competition between the antiferromagnetic superexchange and an indirect ferromagnetic exchange via the Eu 5d states leads to a delicate balance between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phases. The superexchange mechanism involving the Ti 3d states hints at the microscopic origin of the strong spin-lattice coupling in EuTiO3.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics