To demonstrate its antifibrinolytic effects and establish an effective regimen of tranexamic acid for hemostasis, the authors measured α2-plasmin inhibitor—plasmin complexes, thrombin—antithrombin III complexes and postoperative blood loss in three groups undergoing different regimens during cardiac operations. Forty-six patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or valve replacement were enrolled in this study. They were divided into three groups of drug administration. A bolus infusion of 50 mg/kg tranexamic acid was given to 17 patients at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass (control group) and to 14 patients at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass (group A). In addition to the same bolus infusion at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass as group A, a continuous infusion of 10 mg/kg per h, starting at the time of skin incision and maintained for 6 h after cardiopulmonary bypass was given to 15 patients (group B). The marked increase in α2-plasmin inhibitor—plasmin complexes at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass in the control group was significantly reduced in group A (P < 0.01) and a further reduction was observed in group B (P < 0.001). The difference in postoperative blood loss only reached significant levels between the control group and group B (P < 0.05). Although a significant increase in thrombin—antithrombin III complexes during cardiopulmonary bypass was similarly observed in all groups, no thromboembolic events occurred in any group, nor was any difference seen in graft patency. From the tranexamic acid therapy regimens tested in this study, a continuous infusion of 10 mg/kg per h starting at the time of skin incision to 6 h after cardiopulmonary bypass, with a bolus infusion of 50 mg/kg at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass, proved to be the most effective.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine