Antimony-film electrode for the determination of trace metals by sequential-injection analysis/anodic stripping voltammetry

Valéria Guzsvány, Hizuru Nakajima, Nobuaki Soh, Koji Nakano, Toshihiko Imato

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    57 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The possibility of applying antimony-film modified glassy carbon electrode in sequential-injection analysis (SIA) was investigated with the objective of determining Pb(II) and Cd(II) by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV). The conditions of antimony-film deposition concerning composition of the plating/carrier solutions, concentrations of Sb(III) and hydrochloric acid, effects of different supporting electrolyte salts, and plating potential were optimized. It was found that the antimony-film deposition on glassy carbon substrate in a sample solution consisting of 750 μg L-1 Sb(III), 0.5 mol L-1 HCl at -1.5 V (vs. Ag/AgCl/3 mol L-1 KCl) yielded a modified electrode suitable for the determination of Pb(II) and Cd(II) at the μg L-1 level. The reproducibility of the analytical signals was characterized by a relative standard deviation lower than 2.8%, and the calculated values of detection limits were 1.2 μg L-1 for Pb(II) and 1.4 μg L-1 for Cd(II). The presence of KSCN in the sample solution offers the possibility of detecting ions with more negative oxidation potentials like Zn(II), Mn(II) or Cr(III). The developed SIA-ASV procedure was compared with the commonly used batch method, and its applicability was tested on a spiked tap water sample.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12-17
    Number of pages6
    JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
    Volume658
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 18 2010

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Biochemistry
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Spectroscopy

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