This article describes the biological activities of heartwood extracts from Yakushima native cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and identifies their main active compounds. Black heartwood and red heartwood were each divided into two parts from the center (the pith) to outer heartwood (the cambium). The methanol extracts of those parts were screened for antioxidant and anti-lipase activities. The extract from the pith of the red heartwood showed the highest ORAC activity among the samples. Regarding anti-lipase activity, all the extracts showed relatively high activity (the IC50 value were 9.71–37.24 μg mL−1). In addition, four compounds were isolated and identified from the pith of red heartwood by NMR and MS analyses. Agatharesinol (3) and sequirin C (4) were thought to be the main active compounds responsible for the antioxidant and anti-lipase activities.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)