Antioxidant nitroxides protect hepatic cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death

Saki Shinto, Yuta Matsuoka, Mayumi Yamato, Ken-Ichi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidative stress causes cell death and induces many kinds of disease, including liver disease. Nitroxides are known to react catalytically with free radicals. In this study, the cell protective activities of nitroxides were compared with those of other antioxidants. Nitroxides showed much greater inhibition of hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death than other antioxidants in a hepatic cell line and in primary hepatocytes. The intracellular oxidative stress level at 24 h after hydrogen peroxide stimulation was significantly decreased by nitroxides, but not by other antioxidants. To clarify the mechanism of cell protection by nitroxides, we investigated whether nitroxides inhibited DNA damage and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activation. We found that nitroxides reduced caspase3 activation and may have ultimately inhibited cell death. In conclusion, nitroxides are very useful for attenuating cell damage due to oxidative stress. Nitroxides are thus a potential therapeutic agent for oxidative stress-related diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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Oxidative stress
Cell death
Hepatocytes
Oxidative Stress
Cell Death
Antioxidants
Hydrogen Peroxide
Chemical activation
Cytoprotection
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Liver
DNA Damage
Free Radicals
Liver Diseases
Cause of Death
Cells
Cell Line
DNA
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Antioxidant nitroxides protect hepatic cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death. / Shinto, Saki; Matsuoka, Yuta; Yamato, Mayumi; Yamada, Ken-Ichi.

In: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, Vol. 62, No. 2, 01.03.2018, p. 132-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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