Applicability of press needles to a double-blind trial: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Trial

Shougo Miyazaki, Akihito Hagihara, Ryo Kanda, Yoshito Mukaino, Koichi Nobutomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Owing to a lack of a suitable needle procedure, it has been impossible to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture in clinical studies using double-blind testing. We evaluated the applicability of a new kind of press needle (Pyonex) to a double-blind trial by comparing the press needle with a placebo (lacking the needle element). METHODS: The purpose of the study consisted of 2 phases. In the phase 1, to evaluate the applicability and efficacy of the press needles, 90 participants who had never been treated using acupuncture were randomly assigned to receive either the press needle (n≤45) or a placebo (n≤45). The applicability was measured using a questionnaire regarding the perception of penetration, and efficacy was measured using a visual analog scale of low back pain (LBP). When the applicability and efficacy of the press needles were confirmed in phase 1, the mechanism of LBP relief by the press needles was examined in phase 2. RESULTS: In phase 1, intergroup comparisons showed no significant differences concerning the perception of penetration. In addition, for patients with LBP, the press needles reduced the subjective evaluation of LBP compared with the placebo (P<0.05). In phase 2, visual analog scale results indicated that LBP was reduced significantly more in the press needle group than in the local anesthesia group (P<0.05). DISCUSSION: The participants could not distinguish between the press needle and a placebo, and the data from the press needle group suggested a specific influence on patients with LBP. These findings imply that the press needle and a placebo provide an effective means of realizing a double-blind setting for clinical studies of acupuncture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-444
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of Pain
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Applicability of press needles to a double-blind trial: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this