A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using 20-mer oligonucleotide single primer (named primer 3) randomly designed on the basis of Salmonella Typhimurium gatD gene encoding galactitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase could produce the specific DNA product of approximate 770-bp in all 38 Salmonella strains used. No 770-bp DNA band was amplified from any DNA samples of 20 non-Salmonella bacteria. The DNA band was detected by 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and ethidium bromide staining. The sensitivity of the RAPD-PCR assay for detection of pure genomic DNA from S. Typhimurium ATCC 13311 and Salmonella Enteritidis DMST 15676 was as few as 0.01 ng. When simple boiling in TE buffer for 5 min was used for extraction both Salmonella spp. DNA, the detection limits were at least 230 and 320 cells, respectively. By using the RAPD-PCR assay following at least 14 h pre-enrichment in nutrient broth (NB), as few as 1 CFU of S. Typhimurium ATCC 13311 or S. Enteritidis DMST 15676 per 25 g of autoclaved chicken meat was detected. When the optimized 18-h method involving pre-enrichment in NB and DNA extraction by boiling protocol followed by RAPD-PCR using primer 3 was evaluated in comparison with the conventional method on 195 possibly naturally-contaminated food samples, 36 samples were found positive by both methods. In addition, the results of the developed RAPD-PCR-based assay proved to be identical to those by the conventional method. The optimized 18-h method was simple, rapid and sensitive, achieved the same detection limit as the conventional method and produced a zero level of false-negative results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science