Optimizing of internal gelation based on the sol-gel synthesis was carried out for manufacturing of plutonium-doped zirconia microspheres used as nuclear fuels. In the present study, cerium was used as a surrogate for plutonium. So far, the Er0.05Y0.1CexZr0.85-xO 1.925 (x = 0.0-0.2) microspheres were successfully sintered to suppress the rapid reaction such as the thermal decomposition of by-products such as ammonium nitrate and formaldehyde at the calcination process. However, some cracks and pores were still observed in the sintered microspheres. As a result, these sintered densities reached 71-86% TD. From the crystallographic point of view, the sintered zirconia microspheres had the cubic fluorite structure and well formed the solid-solution oxide. The lattice constant of cubic zirconia increased with the amount of doped ceria.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry