We have investigated the crystallization of a monatomic simple liquid in equilibrium, where the constituents interact through the Lennard-Jones-Gauss (LJG) potential. By incorporating a perturbation expansion into a density functional approach, we obtain a phase diagram covering a wide range of the parameter space. The phase diagram agrees qualitatively with that obtained by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The MD simulations show that the system cannot be crystallized, even if the temperature is sufficiently low, in a certain region of the parameter space. In this parameter region, we find that the coexisting density of the fcc crystal is unexpectedly high owing to a decrease in the free energy and show that the third-nearest-neighbor site of the fcc crystal coincides with the second minimum in the LJG potential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)