Acetone-dried cells of Arthrobacter simplex, whose steroid Δ1 activity had been previously induced, were entrapped by the use of photo-crosslinkable resin prepolymers. When the hydrophobicity of the cell-entrapping gel was increased by mixing a hydrophobic prepolymer (main chain component; polypropyleneglycol) with a hydrophilic prepolymer (main chain component; polypropyleneglycol) with a hydrophilic prepolymer (main chain component; polyethyleneglycol) (up to 30%), the hydrocortisone to prednisolone conversion rate of the immobilized cells increased significantly, attaining approximately 20% of that of the free cells. A 10% addition of organic solvents, such as methanol, to the aqueous reaction mixture enhanced the solubility of the substrate greatly and to a lesser degree the reaction rate of the immobilized cells. The presence of an electron acceptor, phenazine methosulfate or 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol, stimulated the steroid conversion of the entrapped as well as the free cells. The stability of the entrapped cells over repeated reactions was improved by immobilization.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1979|
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