Methane from landfills contributes to global warming and can pose an explosion hazard. To minimize these effects emissions must be monitored. This study proposed application of portable gas detector (PGD) in point and scanning measurements to estimate spatial distribution of methane emissions in landfills. The aims of this study were to discover the advantages and disadvantages of point and scanning methods in measuring methane concentrations, discover spatial distribution of methane emissions, cognize the correlation between ambient methane concentration and methane flux, and estimate methane flux and emissions in landfills. This study was carried out in Tamangapa landfill, Makassar city-Indonesia. Measurement areas were divided into basic and expanded area. In the point method, PGD was held one meter above the landfill surface, whereas scanning method used a PGD with a data logger mounted on a wire drawn between two poles. Point method was efficient in time, only needed one person and eight minutes in measuring 400 m2 areas, whereas scanning method could capture a lot of hot spots location and needed 20 min. The results from basic area showed that ambient methane concentration and flux had a significant (p < 0.01) positive correlation with R2 = 0.7109 and y = 0.1544 x. This correlation equation was used to describe spatial distribution of methane emissions in the expanded area by using Kriging method. The average of estimated flux from scanning method was 71.2 g m−2 d−1 higher than 38.3 g m−2 d−1 from point method. Further, scanning method could capture the lower and higher value, which could be useful to evaluate and estimate the possible effects of the uncontrolled emissions in landfill.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Waste Management and Disposal