In this paper, we propose a method for reducing the computational cost of strong coupling for multiscale cardiovascular simulation models. In such a model, individual model modules of myocardial cell, left ventricular structural dynamics, and circulatory hemodynamics are coupled. The strong coupling method enables stable and accurate calculation, but requires iterative calculations which are computationally expensive. The iterative calculations can be reduced, if accurate initial approximations are made available by predictors. The proposed method uses the Kalman filter to estimate accurate predictions by filtering out noise included in past values. The performance of the proposed method was assessed with an application to a previously published multiscale cardiovascular model. The proposed method reduced the number of iterations by 90% and 62% compared with no prediction and Lagrange extrapolation, respectively. Even when the parameters were varied and number of elements of the left ventricular finite-element model increased, the number of iterations required by the proposed method was significantly lower than that without prediction. These results indicate the robustness, scalability, and validity of the proposed method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Health Information Management