Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has anti-obesity effects, but induces fatty liver in mice. The present study investigated whether co-administration of arachidonic acid (ARA) attenuates fat accumulation in the mouse liver induced by CLA. Male mice (8 weeks old) were given diets with either no addition of dietary fat (control), 3 % linoleic acid (LA), 3 % CLA, 3 % CLA+1 % ARA, or 3 % CLA+2 % ARA for 4 weeks. The perirenal fat weight in ARA-treated groups decreased similarly as with CLA alone, when compared to control or LA. Plasma TAG concentration was significantly higher in the CLA group than in either CLA+ARA group, while plasma cholesterol and NEFA concentrations did not vary among the groups. In contrast to visceral fat, liver weight was significantly higher in the CLA group than in the control or LA groups, and the effects of CLA were attenuated by ARA. TAG and cholesterol were markedly accumulated in the liver with dietary CLA, whereas co-administration with ARA, at either concentration, suppressed CLA-induced lipid accumulation. Liver PGE2 was enhanced by a combination of CLA and ARA when compared with CLA alone, but PGE1 level was not significantly different among groups. In conclusion, fatty liver induced by CLA was attenuated by co-administration with ARA, furthermore, a combination of these fatty acids maintained the anti-obese effect of CLA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics