Are geostrophic and quasi-geostrophic approximations valid in Venus' differential super-rotation?

Masaru Yamamoto, Hiroshi Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geostrophic dynamics in the horizontally differential super-rotation of Venus are examined using f A (the Coriolis parameter defined by the angular velocity of a basic flow in an inertial frame) and Γ (the differential rotation parameter defined by the latitudinal gradient of the angular velocity) under the conditions that vertical shear of the basic field is not considered and the intrinsic phase velocity has a magnitude comparable to that of an eddy horizontal flow. The geostrophic and quasi-geostrophic approximations are valid in the regions of weakly differential and rigid-body super-rotations; however, they are invalid in the regions of strongly differential super-rotation even when the Rossby number R O is sufficiently smaller than unity for synoptic eddies. In a general circulation model of a Venus-like atmosphere, the horizontal divergence that results from the strong differential cannot be ignored over a wide range within latitudes ±60° and below 60 km elevation because of large Γ/f A (≥1/2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

superrotation
Venus (planet)
Venus
angular velocity
Angular velocity
approximation
Venus atmosphere
vortices
eddy
rigid structures
phase velocity
Rossby number
unity
Phase velocity
latitudinal gradient
divergence
shear
general circulation model
gradients
atmosphere

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Are geostrophic and quasi-geostrophic approximations valid in Venus' differential super-rotation? / Yamamoto, Masaru; Tanaka, Hiroshi.

In: Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 100, No. 3, 01.06.2006, p. 185-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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