Assessment of aphasia using artificial neural networks

Shin Hibino, Taizo Hanai, Michitaka Matsubara, Kazutoshi Fukagawa, Tatsuaki Shirataki, Hiroyuki Honda, Takeshi Kobayashi

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to construct a first screening system for the home care, we investigated assessment of brain function disorder. In this study, we constructed a model for assessment of aphasia from electroencephalogram (EEG) using artificial neural networks (ANN). EEG data of the following patients were collected; the patient of total aphasia who is difficult to understand the speech and the patient of motor aphasia (Broca aphasia) who feels pain or makes some grammatical mistakes when he speaks anything while he can understand the speech. At first, power spectrum of EEG was extracted by the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Power spectrum was separated into 9 regions, corresponding to the characterized waves, and relative power values were calculated from them. The regions with 4.0 to 5.9, 6.0 to 7.9 and 8.0 to 12.9 Hz were selected as the frequency band of θ1, θ2, and α waves, respectively. Assessment of linguistic ability was carried out by Western aphasia battery (WAB). The relative power values were input into each ANN model for estimation of aphasia quotient (AQ) score or score on spontaneous speech from WAB. The average error of ANN model for AQ score was 7.02 points out of 100. It was found that the model can estimate the AQ value at high accuracy. Another ANN model to estimate the score on spontaneous speech was also constructed. The average error of this model with actual spontaneous speech score was 0.27 points out of 20. Predicted score of patient with motor aphasia coincided well with the actual score. In conclusion these models can quantify the severity of aphasia from EEG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Medical Electronics and Biological Engineering
Volume37
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering

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    Hibino, S., Hanai, T., Matsubara, M., Fukagawa, K., Shirataki, T., Honda, H., & Kobayashi, T. (1999). Assessment of aphasia using artificial neural networks. Japanese Journal of Medical Electronics and Biological Engineering, 37(2), 140-145.