Assessment of cerebral perfusion in moyamoya disease with dynamic pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling using a variable repetition time scheme with optimized background suppression

Osamu Togao, Makoto Obara, Koji Yamashita, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Koichi Arimura, ataru nishimura, Akira Nakamizo, Tatsuhiro Wada, Chiaki Tokunaga, Ryoji Mikayama, Yasuo Yamashita, Hiroshi Hamano, Marc Van Cauteren, Kousei Ishigami, Shingo Baba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Accurate assessment of cerebral perfusion in moyamoya disease is necessary to determine the indication for treatment. We aimed to investigate the usefulness of dynamic PCASL using a variable TR scheme with optimized background suppression in the evaluation of cerebral perfusion in moyamoya disease. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the images of 24 patients (6 men and 18 women, mean age 31.4 ± 18.2 years) with moyamoya disease; each of whom was imaged with both dynamic PCASL using the variable-TR scheme and 123IMP SPECT with acetazolamide challenge. ASL dynamic data at 10 phases are acquired by changing the LD and PLD. The background suppression timing was optimized for each phase. CBF and ATT were measured with ASL, and CBF and CVR to an acetazolamide challenge were measured with SPECT. Results: A significant moderate correlation was found between the CBF measured by dynamic PCASL and that by SPECT (r = 0.53, P < 0.001). The CBF measured by dynamic PCASL (52.5 ± 13.3 ml/100 mg/min) was significantly higher than that measured by SPECT (43.0 ± 12.6 ml/100 mg/min, P < 0.001). The ATT measured by dynamic PCASL showed a significant correlation with the CVR measured by SPECT (r = 0.44, P < 0.001). ATT was significantly longer in areas where the CVR was impaired (CVR < 18.4%, ATT = 1812 ± 353 ms) than in areas where it was preserved (CVR > 18.4%, ATT = 1301 ± 437 ms, P < 0.001). The ROC analysis showed a moderate accuracy (AUC = 0.807, sensitivity = 87.7%, specificity = 70.4%) when the cutoff value of ATT was set at 1518 ms. Conclusion: Dynamic PCASL using this scheme was found to be useful for assessing cerebral perfusion in moyamoya disease.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuroradiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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