Association between blood polychlorinated biphenyl concentration and serum triglyceride level in chronic "Yusho" (polychlorinated biphenyl poisoning) patients

Yoshio Hirota, Kyoichiro Kataoka, Shoji Tokunaga, Tomio Hirohata, Shiro Shinohara, Hiroshi Tokiwa

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The association between blood polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) concentration and serum triglyceride level was investigated in 259 "Yusho" patients (PCB poisoning) who underwent health examinations for Yusho in 1988. Geometric means of PCB and triglyceride were 3.84 ppb (95% confidence interval: 3.54-4.17) and 114.3 mg/dl (106.6-122.6), respectively. Both correlation and multiple regression analyses showed a weak but statistically significant correlation between these two variables. The mean triglyceride level adjusted for age and sex was then calculated for comparison among four PCB levels, using analysis of covariance. This indicated a progressive increase with increasing PCB: 98.36, 117.78, 117.84, and 127.65 mg/dl at <2.7, 2.7+, 4.1+, and 6.1+ ppb, respectively (F= 2.01, P = 0.113). Comparing PCB levels, the difference in adjusted mean triglyceride levels was marginally significant between the first and second (P = 0.088), and the first and third quartiles (P = 0.066), and reached significance between the first and fourth quartiles (P = 0.021). Thus, a weak but significant association between blood PCB and serum triglyceride was observed in the patients 20 years after exposure, although their blood PCB and serum triglyceride were relatively close to the normal levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-225
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1993


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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