We retrospectively examined whether cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 genotypes are associated with high-dose steroid pulse treatment-induced functional gain of tacrolimus biotransformation in livingdonor liver transplant patients. Concentrations of tacrolimus and its 3 primary metabolites, 13-O-demethyl tacrolimus (M-I), 31-O-demethyl tacrolimus (M-II), and 15-O-demethyl tacrolimus (M-III), were measured in trough blood samples from 18 liver transplant patients, by liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). In patients engrafted with a CYP3A5*1-carrying liver but not with a CYP3A5*3/*3-carrying liver, the concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus significantly fell after therapy, while ratios of M-I/tacrolimus, M-II/tacrolimus, and M-III/tacrolimus were significantly higher after therapy than before (p = 0.032, p = 0.023, and p = 0.0078, respectively). After steroid pulse therapy, the concentration of tacrolimus measured by immunoassay was significantly higher than that measured by LCMS/MS in patients engrafted with a CYP3A5*1-carrying liver, but not those engrafted with a CYP3A5*3/*3-carrying liver. This suggests that the increased ratio of tacrolimus metabolites/tacrolimus can be explained by induction of CYP3A5 via high-dose steroid pulse therapy. Further, the concentrations of tacrolimus measured by the immunoassays were overestimated, partly because of cross-reactivity of the monoclonal antibody they incorporated to detect tacrolimus, with the increased metabolites in patients with a CYP3A5*1-carrying graft liver.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Pharmacology (medical)