Association between diabetes and hippocampal atrophy in Elderly Japanese

The Hisayama study

Naoki Hirabayashi, Jun Hata, Tomoyuki Ohara, Naoko Mukai, Masaharu Nagata, Mao Shibata, Seiji Gotoh, Yoshihiko Furuta, Fumio Yamashita, Kazufumi Yoshihara, Takanari Kitazono, Nobuyuki Sudo, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between diabetes and brain or hippocampal atrophy in an elderly population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,238 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥65 years underwent brain MRI scans and a comprehensive health examination in 2012. Total brain volume (TBV), intracranial volume (ICV), and hippocampal volume (HV) were measured using MRI scans for each subject. We examined the associations between diabetes-related parameters and the ratios of TBV to ICV (an indicator of global brain atrophy), HV to ICV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy), and HV to TBV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy beyond global brain atrophy) after adjustment for other potential confounders. RESULTS Themultivariable-adjustedmean values of the TBV-to-ICV,HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios were significantly lower in the subjects with diabetes compared with those without diabetes (77.6%vs. 78.2%for the TBV-to-ICV ratio, 0.513%vs. 0.529%for the HV-to-ICV ratio, and 0.660% vs. 0.676% for the HV-to-TBV ratio; all P < 0.01). These three ratios decreased significantlywith elevated 2-h postload glucose (PG) levels (all P for trend <0.05) but not fasting plasma glucose levels. Longer duration of diabetes was significantly associated with lower TBV-to-ICV, HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios. The subjectswith diabetes diagnosed in midlife had significantly lower HV-to-ICV and HV-to-TBV ratios than those without and those diagnosed in late life. CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that a longer duration of diabetes and elevated 2-h PG levels, a marker of postprandial hyperglycemia, are risk factors for brain atrophy, particularly hippocampal atrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1549
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes care
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

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Atrophy
Brain
Glucose
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Independent Living
Hyperglycemia
Fasting
Research Design

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Cite this

Association between diabetes and hippocampal atrophy in Elderly Japanese : The Hisayama study. / Hirabayashi, Naoki; Hata, Jun; Ohara, Tomoyuki; Mukai, Naoko; Nagata, Masaharu; Shibata, Mao; Gotoh, Seiji; Furuta, Yoshihiko; Yamashita, Fumio; Yoshihara, Kazufumi; Kitazono, Takanari; Sudo, Nobuyuki; Kiyohara, Yutaka; Ninomiya, Toshiharu.

In: Diabetes care, Vol. 39, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 1543-1549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between diabetes and brain or hippocampal atrophy in an elderly population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,238 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥65 years underwent brain MRI scans and a comprehensive health examination in 2012. Total brain volume (TBV), intracranial volume (ICV), and hippocampal volume (HV) were measured using MRI scans for each subject. We examined the associations between diabetes-related parameters and the ratios of TBV to ICV (an indicator of global brain atrophy), HV to ICV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy), and HV to TBV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy beyond global brain atrophy) after adjustment for other potential confounders. RESULTS Themultivariable-adjustedmean values of the TBV-to-ICV,HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios were significantly lower in the subjects with diabetes compared with those without diabetes (77.6{\%}vs. 78.2{\%}for the TBV-to-ICV ratio, 0.513{\%}vs. 0.529{\%}for the HV-to-ICV ratio, and 0.660{\%} vs. 0.676{\%} for the HV-to-TBV ratio; all P < 0.01). These three ratios decreased significantlywith elevated 2-h postload glucose (PG) levels (all P for trend <0.05) but not fasting plasma glucose levels. Longer duration of diabetes was significantly associated with lower TBV-to-ICV, HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios. The subjectswith diabetes diagnosed in midlife had significantly lower HV-to-ICV and HV-to-TBV ratios than those without and those diagnosed in late life. CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that a longer duration of diabetes and elevated 2-h PG levels, a marker of postprandial hyperglycemia, are risk factors for brain atrophy, particularly hippocampal atrophy.",
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T1 - Association between diabetes and hippocampal atrophy in Elderly Japanese

T2 - The Hisayama study

AU - Hirabayashi, Naoki

AU - Hata, Jun

AU - Ohara, Tomoyuki

AU - Mukai, Naoko

AU - Nagata, Masaharu

AU - Shibata, Mao

AU - Gotoh, Seiji

AU - Furuta, Yoshihiko

AU - Yamashita, Fumio

AU - Yoshihara, Kazufumi

AU - Kitazono, Takanari

AU - Sudo, Nobuyuki

AU - Kiyohara, Yutaka

AU - Ninomiya, Toshiharu

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between diabetes and brain or hippocampal atrophy in an elderly population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,238 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥65 years underwent brain MRI scans and a comprehensive health examination in 2012. Total brain volume (TBV), intracranial volume (ICV), and hippocampal volume (HV) were measured using MRI scans for each subject. We examined the associations between diabetes-related parameters and the ratios of TBV to ICV (an indicator of global brain atrophy), HV to ICV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy), and HV to TBV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy beyond global brain atrophy) after adjustment for other potential confounders. RESULTS Themultivariable-adjustedmean values of the TBV-to-ICV,HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios were significantly lower in the subjects with diabetes compared with those without diabetes (77.6%vs. 78.2%for the TBV-to-ICV ratio, 0.513%vs. 0.529%for the HV-to-ICV ratio, and 0.660% vs. 0.676% for the HV-to-TBV ratio; all P < 0.01). These three ratios decreased significantlywith elevated 2-h postload glucose (PG) levels (all P for trend <0.05) but not fasting plasma glucose levels. Longer duration of diabetes was significantly associated with lower TBV-to-ICV, HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios. The subjectswith diabetes diagnosed in midlife had significantly lower HV-to-ICV and HV-to-TBV ratios than those without and those diagnosed in late life. CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that a longer duration of diabetes and elevated 2-h PG levels, a marker of postprandial hyperglycemia, are risk factors for brain atrophy, particularly hippocampal atrophy.

AB - OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between diabetes and brain or hippocampal atrophy in an elderly population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,238 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥65 years underwent brain MRI scans and a comprehensive health examination in 2012. Total brain volume (TBV), intracranial volume (ICV), and hippocampal volume (HV) were measured using MRI scans for each subject. We examined the associations between diabetes-related parameters and the ratios of TBV to ICV (an indicator of global brain atrophy), HV to ICV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy), and HV to TBV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy beyond global brain atrophy) after adjustment for other potential confounders. RESULTS Themultivariable-adjustedmean values of the TBV-to-ICV,HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios were significantly lower in the subjects with diabetes compared with those without diabetes (77.6%vs. 78.2%for the TBV-to-ICV ratio, 0.513%vs. 0.529%for the HV-to-ICV ratio, and 0.660% vs. 0.676% for the HV-to-TBV ratio; all P < 0.01). These three ratios decreased significantlywith elevated 2-h postload glucose (PG) levels (all P for trend <0.05) but not fasting plasma glucose levels. Longer duration of diabetes was significantly associated with lower TBV-to-ICV, HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios. The subjectswith diabetes diagnosed in midlife had significantly lower HV-to-ICV and HV-to-TBV ratios than those without and those diagnosed in late life. CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that a longer duration of diabetes and elevated 2-h PG levels, a marker of postprandial hyperglycemia, are risk factors for brain atrophy, particularly hippocampal atrophy.

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