Purpose: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate whether intensive health guidance focusing on eating quickly can prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS) more effectively than standard routine guidance in Japanese citizens living in rural areas. Methods: This controlled, non-randomized, intervention study analyzed 141 participants with MetS at baseline. Participants in the intervention group received health guidance focusing on eating quickly and standard health guidance about MetS in accordance with the guidelines of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan, whereas participants in the control group received only standard health guidance about MetS. The primary study outcome was the prevalence of MetS at a 1-year follow-up. Results: At 1-year follow-up, the prevalence of MetS in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p = 0.003). The decreases in body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and triglycerides from baseline to 1 year were significantly greater in the intervention group than in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Intensive health guidance focusing on eating quickly is more effective for improving MetS than standard Japanese health guidance alone. Level of evidence: Level II, Evidence obtained from well-designed controlled trials without randomization. Trial registry name, registration identification number, and URL for the registry: UMIN, UMIN000030600, http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index-j.htm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health