Association between subjective well-being and presence of primary care dentists in community-dwelling elderly people: A cross-sectional study

Shinsuke Mizutani, Hisae Aoki, Satoru Haresaku, Kaoru Shimada, Michio Ueno, Keiko Kubota, Toru Naito

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the relationships between subjective well-being and the existence of primary care dentists in community-dwelling elderly people.

BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported subjective well-being focusing on oral health, but no studies have examined the relationship between subjective well-being and primary care dentists.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from community-dwelling elderly people aged ≥70 years (n = 624). The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS; range = 0 [low morale]-17) was used to assess subjective well-being. Additional information regarding age group, sex, medical consulting situation (ambulatory care/home care), primary care dentists, family structure, economic status, health status was collected via questionnaire.

RESULTS: The average PGCMS score in ambulatory care patients (ACP) group who have primary care dentists was highest among community-dwelling elderly people. In a logistic regression model, a low PGCMS score (0-11) was independently correlated to 80-89 age group (OR = 1.70; 95% CI, 1.13-2.54; P = 0.008), ≥90 age group (OR = 3.86; 95% CI, 1.83-8.18; P < 0.001), unsatisfied for economic status (OR = 2.68; 95% CI, 1.59-4.53; P < 0.001), unsatisfied for health status (OR = 3.94; 95% CI, 2.60-5.98; P < 0.001) and having no primary care dentists (OR = 1.81; 95% CI, 1.09-3.01; P = 0.021) in ACP group.

CONCLUSIONS: The subjective well-being of ACP who have primary care dentists was higher than in other people. Primary dentists contributed to the subjective well-being of elderly people.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGerodontology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 30 2019

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