Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the length of the treatment period and the cumulative dose of pegylated interferon alpha-2b (peg-IFN alpha-2b) plus ribavirin (RBV) and their effectiveness in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Methods: Seven hundred and fifteen patients received peg-IFN alpha-2b plus RBV treatment for 48 weeks and 24 weeks for genotypes 1 (n = 586) and 2 (n = 129), respectively. Results: Sustained virological responses (SVR), defined as serum hepatitis C virus (HCV)-RNA undetectable at 24 weeks after the end of treatment, were 42.4% and 74.4% in genotypes 1 and 2, respectively, on an intention-to-treat analysis. SVR significantly increased with treatment length (4.7%, 36.4%, and 51.8% for < 24 weeks, 24-47 weeks, and 48 weeks, respectively, for genotype 1; and 28.6%, 57.1%, 78.3% for < 12 weeks, 12-23 weeks, and 24 weeks, respectively, for genotype 2). SVR significantly increased with total cumulative treatment dose (21.1%, 36.5%, and 52.9% with < 60%, 60-79%, and ≥ 80% in peg-IFN dose; 29.6%, 51.1%, and 59.2% with < 60%, 60-79%, and ≥ 80% in RBV dose) in genotype 1, although it did not differ significantly for genotype 2. Conclusions: In peg-IFN alpha-2b plus RBV treatment for chronic hepatitis C, it is important to complete the target length of treatment and to continue the target dosage to achieve SVR, especially for genotype 1 patients.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Issue number||7 PT1|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes