There are two distinct subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asians: opticospinal (OSMS) and conventional (CMS). OSMS has similar features to neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and half of OSMS patients have the NMO-Immunoglobulin G (IgG)/ anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody. We reported that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection was significantly less common in CMS patients than controls. To reveal the immune responses to the H. pylori neutrophil-activating protein (HP-NAP) in Japanese MS patients, according to anti-AQP4 antibody status, sera from 162 MS patients, 37 patients with other inflammatory neurological diseases (OIND), and 85 healthy subjects were assayed for anti-H. pylori antibodies, anti-HP-NAP antibodies, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) by enzyme immunoassays. H. pylori seropositivity rates were significantly higher in anti-AQP4 antibody-positive MS/NMO (AQP4 + /MS) patients (19/27, 70.4%) than anti-AQP4 antibody-negative CMS (AQP4 - /CMS) patients (22/83, 26.5%). Among H. pylori-infected individuals, the anti-HP-NAP antibody was significantly more common in AQP4 + /MS and AQP4 - /OSMS patients than healthy subjects (36.8%, 34.6% versus 2.8%). Among the AQP4 + /MS patients, a significant positive correlation between anti-HP-NAP antibody levels and the final Kurtzkes Expanded Disability Status Scale scores was found, and MPO levels were higher in anti-HP-NAP antibody-positive patients than anti-HP-NAP antibody-negative ones. Therefore, HP-NAP may be associated with the pathology of anti-AQP4 antibody-related neural damage in MS/NMO patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology