Objective The association of serum triglycerides (TGs) and alcohol consumption with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of serum TG and daily alcohol consumption with CKD in the general population. Design The design of the study was longitudinal cohort study. Subjects Male (n = 47,737) and female (n = 69,542) participants were grouped into quartiles based on serum TG levels. Main Outcome Measures We examined the associations of serum TG with annual changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in all participants, the incident CKD in participants without CKD, and the progression of CKD in participants with CKD. We also examined the association of alcohol consumption with these factors and whether daily alcohol consumption alters the association of serum TG with renal prognosis. Results The higher quartile of serum TG at baseline was significantly associated with a greater decline in eGFR during the 2-year study period in all participants, even after adjustment for confounding factors. Serum TG was also significantly associated with the incidence and progression of CKD after 2 years in participants with and without CKD at baseline, respectively. Moreover, daily alcohol consumption was protectively associated with these outcomes. Stratified analysis according to the alcohol consumption status revealed that daily alcohol consumption modified the association of high TG with eGFR and CKD. Conclusion(s) Elevated serum TG was associated with the decline in eGFR and the incidence and progression of CKD. In addition, these associations were modified by daily alcohol consumption in this Japanese population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics